About Acne :

Acne is a very common skin condition occurring due to blockage and irritation of sebaceous glands (oil glands). It is called by other names like pimples, blackheads, whiteheads, breakouts and zits.


Causes :

  • Increased size of sebaceous glands (oil glands) producing more oil

  • Increase in number of bacteria (P. acnes) in the oil glands

  • Blockage of opening of sebaceous glands (oil glands)

  • Hormonal influences (PCOD and Adult acne)


Aggravating factors :

  • Stress

  • Irregular diet

  • Pregnancy

  • Sweat

  • Facial massage

Presentation :

  • Mostly found in adolescent

  • Acne after 30 yrs of age : Adult acne

  • Acne due to hormonal fluctuations :  Hormonal acne

  • Most common area : Face

  • Other areas involved : Chest and back

  • Increases in summer


Types :

  • Comedones/Blackheads/Whiteheads

  • Red bumps (Papules)

  • Pus filled bumps (Pustules)

  • Big hard bumps ( Nodules)

  • Big bumps with fluid inside (Cystic acne)

ACNE: Tips for Managing

You can reduce your acne by following these skin care tips :

  • Always consult a Dermatologist regarding products which can be used.

  • Wash twice a day and after sweating. Perspiration can make acne worse, so wash your skin as soon as possible after sweating.

  • Use your fingertips to apply a gentle, non-abrasive cleanser. Using a washcloth, mesh sponge or anything else can irritate the skin.

  • Be gentle with your skin. Use gentle products, such as those that are alcohol-free. Do not use products that irritate your skin, which may include astringents, toners and exfoliants.

  • Scrubbing your skin can make acne worse. Avoid the temptation to scrub your skin.

  • Rinse with lukewarm water.

  • Shampoo regularly. If you have oily hair, shampoo daily.

  • Let your skin heal naturally. If you pick, pop or squeeze your acne, your skin will take longer to clear and you increase the risk of getting acne scars.

  • Keep your hands off your face. Touching your skin throughout the day can cause flare-ups.

  • Stay out of the sun. Tanning damages your skin and In addition, some acne medications make the skin very sensitive to ultraviolet (UV) light, which you get from sun. 

Myths v/s reality

  • Acne is not just limited to teenagers, adults can experience it too.

  • Touching/squeezing/self handling of acne is not the solution as it leads to scarring and pigmentation.

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