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About Acne :

Acne is a very common skin condition occurring due to blockage and irritation of sebaceous glands    (oil glands). It is called by other names like pimples, blackheads, whiteheads, breakouts and zits.


Causes :

  • Increased size of sebaceous glands (oil glands) producing more oil

  • Increase in number of bacteria (P. acnes) in the oil glands

  • Blockage of opening of sebaceous glands (oil glands)

  • Hormonal influences (PCOD and Adult acne)


Aggravating factors :

  • Stress

  • Irregular diet

  • Pregnancy

  • Sweat

  • Facial massage


Presentation :

  • Mostly found in adolescent

  • Acne after 30 yrs of age : Adult acne

  • Acne due to hormonal fluctuations :  Hormonal acne

  • Most common area : Face

  • Other areas involved : Chest and back

  • Increases in summer


Types :

  • Comedones/Blackheads/Whiteheads

  • Red bumps (Papules)

  • Pus filled bumps (Pustules)

  • Big hard bumps ( Nodules)

  • Big bumps with fluid inside (Cystic acne)


Myths v/s reality

  • Acne is not just limited to teenagers, adults can experience it too.

  • Touching/squeezing/self handling of acne is not the solution as it leads to scarring and pigmentation.

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