HYPERPIGMENTATION AND SPOTS

About Hyperpigmentation :

Hyperpigmentation is a condition that causes the skin to darken. It can occur in small patches. And it can cover large areas or affect the entire body. This condition usually isn’t harmful, but it can be a symptom of another medical condition.

 

Causes :​

  • A common cause of hyperpigmentation is an excess production of melanin. Melanin is a pigment that gives skin its color. And it’s produced by skin cells called melanocytes. Several different conditions or factors can alter the production of melanin in the body.

  • Certain medications

  • chemotherapy drugs 

  • Pregnancy changes hormone levels and can affect melanin production in some women. 

  • Endocrine diseases, like Addison’s disease, disrupt hormone levels and can increase melanin production.

  • Increased sun exposure 

 

Aggravating factors :

  • Sun Exposure

 

Presentation :

  • Darkened areas of the skin.

  • Patches can be various sizes and can develop anywhere on the body

 

Types :

​There are several types, most common are

  • Melasma

  • Sun spots or Solar lentigines

  • Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation

 

Myths v/s reality

  • Hyperpigmentation is not harmful and in some cases, darkened areas of the skin fade on their own.

  • Treatment can’t completely reverse hyperpigmentation, it may only improve the condition.

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Skin & Hair Clinic

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