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Nail Fungal Infection

About Fungal Nail Infection :

Onychomycosis, also called tinea unguium, is a fungal infection that affects either the fingernails or toenails. Fungal infections normally develop over time, so any immediate difference in the way your nail looks or feels may be too subtle to notice at first.

Causes :

A fungal nail infection occurs from the overgrowth of fungi in, under, or on the nail. Fungi thrive in warm, moist environments, so this type of environment can cause them to naturally overpopulate


Risk factors :

  • Diabetes

  • Poor circulation

  • Age over 65

  • Wearing artificial nails

  • Nail injury

  • Skin injury around the nail

  • Moist fingers or toes for an extended time

  • Weakened immune system

  • Wearing closed-toe shoes, such as tennis shoes or boots

Presentation :

  • More common in men than women.

  • More often seen in Adults than children

Common signs of a fungal nail infection include:

  • a distorted nail that may lift off from the nail bed

  • an odor coming from the infected nail

  • a brittle or thickened nail


Fungal Nail Infection: Tips for Managing

Simple lifestyle changes can help prevent a fungal infection of the nails. 

  • Taking good care of your nails by keeping them well trimmed and clean is a good way to prevent infections. 

  • You should also avoid injuring the skin around your nails. 

  • If you’re going to have damp or wet hands for an extended amount of time, you may want to wear rubber gloves.

Other ways to prevent fungal infections of the nails include:

  • Use antifungal sprays or powders regularly.

  • Wash your hands after touching infected nails.

  • Dry your feet well after showering, especially between your toes.

  • Get manicures or pedicures from trustworthy salons.

  • Use your own items for manicures or pedicures.

  • Wear socks that minimize moisture.

  • Avoid being barefoot in public places.

  • Reduce your use of artificial nails and nail polish.

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